NRI Banking - FAQs

Particulars Foreign Currency (Non-Resident) Account (Banks) Scheme (FCNR(B) Account) Non-Resident (External)Rupee Account Scheme (NRE Account) Non-Resident Ordinary Rupee Account Scheme (NRO Account)
Who can open an account NRIs (individuals / entities of Bangladesh/ Pakistan nationality/ownership require prior approval of RBI) NRIs (individuals / entities of Bangladesh / Pakistan nationality/ownership require prior approval of RBI) Any person resident outside India (other than a person resident in Nepal and Bhutan). (individuals / entities of Bangladesh / Pakistan nationality / ownership as well as erstwhile OCBs require prior approval of RBI)
Joint account In the names of two or more non-resident individuals In the names of two or more non-resident individuals May be held jointly with residents
Nomination Permitted Permitted Permitted
Currency in which account is denominated Pound Sterling, US Dollar, Japanese Yen, Euro, Canadian Dollar and Australian Dollar Indian Rupees Indian Rupees
Repatriable Repatriable Repatriable Not repatriable except for the following in the account - 1) current income 2) up to USD 1 million per financial year (April- March), for any bonafide purpose out of the balances in the account / sale proceeds of assets in India acquired by way of inheritance / legacy inclusive of assets acquired out of settlement subject to certain conditions.
Type of Account Term Deposit only Savings, Current, Recurring, Fixed Deposit Savings, Current, Recurring, Fixed Deposit
Period for fixed deposits For terms not less than 1 year and not more than 5 years. At the discretion of the bank As applicable to resident accounts.
Rate of Interest Banks are free to determine interest rates for term deposits. Subject to cap :

LIBOR / SWAP rates minus 75 basis points for the respective currency / corresponding maturities.
Subject to cap :

Fixed Deposits

LIBOR / SWAP rates, as on the last working day of the previous month, for US Dollar of corresponding maturities with effect from close of business on April 24, 2007.

Savings Bank Account

Interest rate shall be at the rate applicable to domestic savings account with effect from close of business in India on 17-11-2005
Operations by Power of Attorney in favor of a resident by the non-resident account holder Operations on the account in terms of Power of Attorney is restricted to withdrawals for permissible local payments or remittance to the account holder himself through normal banking channels. Operations on the account in terms of Power of Attorney is restricted to withdrawals for permissible local payments or remittance to the account holder himself through normal banking channels. Operations on the account in terms of Power of Attorney is restricted to withdrawals for permissible local payments or remittance to the account holder himself through normal banking channels.
 
Loans
a.In India
  1. to the Account holder
  2. to Third Parties
Permitted up to Rs.20 lakh
Permitted up to Rs.20 lakh
Permitted up to Rs.20 lakh
Permitted up to Rs.20 lakh
Permitted
Permitted
b. Abroad
  1. to the Account
  2. to Third Parties
Permitted $
Permitted $
Permitted $
Permitted $
Not Permitted
Not Permitted
c. Foreign Currency Loans in India
  1. to the Account holder
  2. to Third Parties
Permitted up to Rs.20 lakh
Not Permitted
Not Permitted
Not Permitted
Not Permitted
Not Permitted
Purpose of Loan a. In India
  1. to the Account holder
  1. Personal purposes or for carrying on business activities. *
  2. Direct investment in India on non-repatriation basis by way of contribution to the capital of Indian firms / companies
  3. Acquisition of flat / house in India for his own residential use. (Please refer to Para 9 of Sch. 2 to FEMA 5
  1. Personal purposes or for carrying on business activities. *
  2. Direct investment in India on non-repatriation
    basis by way of contribution to the capital of Indian
    firms / companies
  3. Acquisition of flat / house in India for his own residential use. (Please refer to para 6(a) of Sch.1 to FEMA 5)
Personal requirement and / or business purpose *
ii. to Third Party Fund based and / or non-fund based facilities for personal purposes or for carrying on business activities *. (Please refer to para 9 of Sch. 2 to FEMA 5). Fund based and / or non-fund based facilities for personal purposes or for carrying on business activities *. (Please refer to para 6(b) of Sch. 1 to FEMA 5) Personal requirement and / or business purpose *
b. Abroad
To the account holder and Third Party
Fund based and / or non-fund based facilities for bonafide purposes Fund based and / or non-fund based facilities for bonafide purposes. Not permitted

* The loans cannot be utilized for the purpose of re-lending or for carrying on agriculture or plantation activities or for investment in real estate business.

$ Provided no funds are remitted to India and are used abroad only.

Note:

  • When a person resident in India leaves India for Nepal and Bhutan for taking up employment or for carrying on business or vocation or for any other purpose indicating his intention to stay in Nepal and Bhutan for an uncertain period, his existing account will continue as a resident account. Such account should not be designated as Non-resident (Ordinary) Rupee Account (NRO).
  • ADs may open and maintain NRE / FCNR (B) Accounts of persons resident in Nepal and Bhutan who are citizens of India or of Indian origin, provided the funds for opening these accounts are remitted in free foreign exchange, Interest earned in NRE / FCNR (B) accounts can be remitted only in Indian rupees to NRIs and PIO resident in Nepal and Bhutan.
  • In terms of Regulation 4(4) of the Notification No.FEMA.5/2000-RB dated May 3, 2000, ADs may open and maintain Rupee accounts for a person resident in Nepal / Bhutan.
  • The regulations relating to the various deposit schemes available to Non-Resident Indians have been notified vide Notification No.FEMA.5 dated 3rd May 2000, as amended from time to time. The relevant Notifications and A P (DIR Series) Circulars have been placed on our website www.rbi.org.inand may please be referred to for full details.
  • AD Category – I banks and authorized banks may credit proceeds of demand drafts / bankers' cheques issued against encashment of foreign currency to the NRE account of the NRI account holder where the instruments issued to the NRE account holder are supported by encashment certificate issued by AD Category – I / Category – II.
  • AD Category – I banks and authorized banks may permit remittance of the maturity proceeds of FCNR (B) deposits to third parties outside India, provided the transaction is specifically authorized by the account holder and the authorized dealer is satisfied about the bonafides of the transaction.

For More Details Visit  www.rbi.org.in